Day: December 3, 2017

The Assassination of Jfk and His Accomplishments While He Was in Office

The Assassination of Jfk and His Accomplishments While He Was in Office

The Assassination of JFK and his Accomplishments while he was in Office. The assassination of John Fitzgerald Kennedy remains a mystery to this day. Some argue that there is more than one shooter, I personally agree with this theory. Although his presidency was very short, he made great strides in giving the people what he promised. He most likely would have helped America in more ways than one and it would have been great to have seen what he would have accomplished. John Fitzgerald Kennedy was killed by Lee Harvey Oswald on November 22, 1963 in Dallas, Texas at the Daeley Plaza.

On November 24, 1963 a man named Jack Ruby shot and killed Oswald while Oswald was being transported to another jail. Oswald was the only known person who could have provided sufficient information about the assassination and he was now eliminated from the investigation. When Kennedy was shot he was barely past his first thousand days in office. He was the youngest man elected President and he was the youngest to die (National, 2008). Kennedy joined the navy shortly after he graduated from Harvard University. When he returned home he received medals for the Navy and Marine Corps. or his leadership and bravery. After having two severe back surgeries he wrote a book called Profiles in Courage. In 1957 his book won the Pulitzer Prize for the best biography. Before being elected as President of JFK 2 the United States Kennedy ran for congress in 1946 for the Massachusetts’ eleventh congressional district and he was successful in this election. He served three terms in the House of Representatives despite the fact that he was a democrat. In 1952 he was elected to the U. S. Senate. On July 13, 1960 he was nominated to run for presidency by his party.

In the election of 1960 Kennedy defeated his opponent, Richard Nixon. It was a close race and Kennedy won only by a small margin (National, 2008). In his Inaugural Address Kennedy put forth the lasting proposal “Ask not what your country can do for you—ask what you can do for your country” (National, 2008 p. 4). He wanted everyone in America to want love their country and he wanted American to be the number one country. He asked the nations of the world to join together in fighting “the common enemies of all men: tyranny, poverty, disease, and war itself” (National, 2008 p. 4).

It is now nearly fifty years later and we are still faced with all of these problems today. As president Kennedy wanted to keep the promises that he made during his campaign. This is a virtue that seems lost among many politicians today. He wanted the United Sates to make progress and new discoveries in the areas of science, employment, and education (National 2008). Kennedy created the Peace Corps. which many people are still going into today. He also initialed the United Sates into space exploration. Before his presidency the Soviet Union was the leading country in Space Exploration.

Kennedy said that “no nation which expects to be the leader of other nations can expect to stay behind in this race for space” (National, 2008 p. 4). Therefore he approved more than 22 billion dollars to be used for space exploration. He wanted freedom for the whole JFK 3 world; he was not just focused on America. He avoided a nuclear war with Cuba and this was known as the Cuban Missile Crises (National, 2008). Although segregation had been outlawed by the time he was president it was still being used. The Civil Rights Movement was now becoming very active.

Kennedy didn’t believe that protests would help. He thought that protests would only anger white people can cause even more problems. Therefore people believe that he was not supportive of the Civil Rights Movement. By June 11, 1963 Kennedy decided that actions needed to be taken concerning the Civil Rights Movement. He proposed a Civil Rights Bill to congress and made a speech saying “One hundred years of delay have passed since President Lincoln freed the slaves, yet their heirs, their grandsons, are not fully free” (National, 2008 p. 4).

Kennedy said that “This Nation was founded by men of many nations and backgrounds and on the principle that all men are created equal” (National, 2008 p. 4). Although Kennedy had many accomplishments he made many enemies during the process. One of these groups was anti-Castro supporters. When anti-communist Cuban exiles tried to overthrow Fidel Castro, they underestimated Castro’s power and they needed aid. Kennedy refused to provide immediate aid for them. He then removed CIA members who he felt had misled him in the strength of anti-Castro supporters. This caused tension between Kennedy and the CIA.

There is a theory that some CIA members were involved in the assassination. Kennedy later forced Cuba to surrender and give up there missiles (Oglesby, 1992). JFK 4 Supporters of the Vietnam War didn’t agree with the decisions Kennedy made. By the end of 1965 Kennedy wanted to withdraw 1,000 U. S. troops and decline the role of the U. S. military in Vietnam. He felt that Vietnam was too far away and the Vietnam government was too weak. The U. S. had little chances of succeeding there. People who supported the war now thought that all of Southeast Asia would become communists (Oglesby, 1992).

The Mafia was another enemy of the presidents. Carlos Marcello was the New Orleans Mafia boss and the Mafia played a large role in helping JFK get elected. Shortly after Kennedy was elected president, Marcello was deported from the United States. When he came back into the United States he threatened Kennedy and said that he was going to get a “nut” to kill him (Oglesby, 1992). On November 22, 1963 Lee Harvey Oswald was found guilty of killing President Kennedy. He was in the marines so he had a great deal of skill in handling guns. He wanted to live in Russia, but he could not get his visa.

When he lived in Dallas, Texas he openly expressed his views of communism by handing out leaflets. His views greatly conflicted with the views of Kennedy. For less than six months he worked for the Texas School Depository which is located near Daeley Plaza. The theory is the Oswald shot Kennedy from the sixth floor of the Depository and hid the gun there. When the gun was found and examined later, Oswald palm print was found on the barrel on the gun (Salisbury,1964). During all the chaos Oswald went home to get a pistol. He then returned to the Depository where he shot Officer Tippet when the officer approached to question him.

He was arrested for killing Officer Tippet and it was not until later JFK 5 that he was linked to the assassination of Kennedy. He claimed he was innocent on the accounts of shooting both President Kennedy and Officer Tippet. On November 24, 1963 Oswald was shot and killed by Jack Ruby. There are theories that Ruby shot Oswald because Ruby didn’t want Oswald selling him out if they were accomplices in the assassination (IMDb. com, Inc. , 2008). There are witnesses that can testify that they saw a man fire a weapon from the sixth floor of the Depository. Eye witness Howard L.

Brennan claimed that he saw a man in leaning out of a window on the sixth floor. When the first shot was fired Brenan thought that a firecracker has been thrown from the depository. When he looked up he saw the reality of the situation. Brennan saw about 70 to 85 percent of the gun and he saw the man firing the shot from the waist up. There were also three people on the fifth floor of the Depository, James Jarman Jr. , Bonnie Ray Williams, and Harold Norman. Williams said that he heard the shots and it sounded like they were coming from directly above them.

He said that bits of cement fell from his head because the building was so old and the shots shook the windows. Norman claimed that he heard three bullet shells hitting the floor and that he saw some white stuff sprinkling onto Williams head (Salisbury, 1964). There are many conspiracy theories concerning the assassination of President Kennedy. The only known recording of the assassination is the Zapruder Film. From this recording many theories have been developed but not many have been reliable. One theory is that there was another shooter located in the Grassy Knoll. Smoke was seen coming from the Grassy Knoll and

JFK 6 people believe that a fourth shot may have been fired from here. There have been a few shadowy figures that are unidentifiable in this area. These include the Badge Man, Babushka Lady, and Umbrella Man (Schuster,2006). The theory of the Umbrella Man is the only one of these characters that is somewhat reliable. When Kennedy’s limousine drove by there were two men standing near when the shots were fired. One man was holding an umbrella even though it was a sunny, cloudless day. The other man was standing next to him and looked as though he had dark skin so he is known as the dark-complected man.

As Kennedy’s limousine approached the Umbrella Man raised his umbrella into the again and began to open and close it. Meanwhile the dark-complected man had his hand in the air and was waving his arm. After the shooting both man calmly sat on the curb in the midst of the chaos. It appeared that the dark-complected man said something into a radio then they got up and walked in separate directions. In 1963 a dark gun was invented that looked exactly like an umbrella. It is a possibility that the umbrella the Umbrella Man was holding actually a dart gun, and the wound in Kennedy’s throat may have been caused by this.

The Umbrella Man was later identified as Louis Steven Witt. When he was questioned why he had an umbrella he said that he brought it to annoy Kennedy but he didn’t explain why it would have bothered Kennedy. When he was questioned on his location he thought that he maybe went half way up the grassy area and sat down. He then stood up and started to play with his umbrella while walking towards the street. He didn’t see the President get shot because the JFK 7 open umbrella was blocking his view. However none of this was true. The Zapruder Film showed the Witt standing waiting for the motorcycle with the umbrella open over his head.

There were no efforts made to find the dark-complected man. When Witt was asked if anyone was standing next to him the only person he could recall was a negro man that sat down next to him and was mumbling (Schuster, 2006). The biggest theory is the Magic Bullet Theory. The bullet that hit Kennedy and Conley caused seven wounds and it was barely disfigured. An experiment using gelatin blocks was used to determine if it was possible for one bullet to do to this. The gelatin blocks were used to represent Conley and Kennedy. The gelatin was used to represent human flesh and rope was used to represent bones.

When the bullet was shot through the gelatin blocks in took fifty centimeters for the bullet to angle. Kennedy’s neck was only fourteen centimeters. However the distance between Kennedy’s throat and Conley’s neck was about sixty centimeters. The experiment was set up as identical as possible to the day the assassination occurred. It was determined that it was possible for the bullet to do this but there were some differences that occurred. The bullet that was shot in the experiment would not have hit Conley in his thigh and it was deformed. The bullet also hit two ribs, causing it to lose some of its velocity (Erickson, 2004).

The first bullet was in Kennedy’s shirt, four inches below his collar. The second bullet hit Kennedy in his back. It was well below his lower neck and it exited in his throat. This means that the bullet would have to gone downward before traveling up again to hit Conley. People believe JFK 8 that the entry point was actually at the third vertebra and that the bullet exited through the lower portion of Kennedy’s neck. When tested on person who was standing this theory was true. However when it was tested on a person that was sitting the results were different. The bullet entered the lower neck, not the back, on the person that was sitting.

When the bullet was traced back to where Oswald took the shot from it was proven that it was possible for the bullet to have angled downward like this (Erickson, 2004). The bullets entry wound in Kennedy’s back was 6. 5 mm in diameter. After it exited his throat the bullet began to tumble in the air between the time that it went his Conley. When it entered Conley’s shoulder it was 1 ? inches long. This means that the bullet was tumbling end over end. The exit wound was below the right nipple and it was almost 2 inches in diameter. Therefore the bullet was still tumbling (Posner, 1993).

Another side to this theory is if there was a fourth shot fired. The only recorded audio of the assassination was the Dallas Police Radio Chatter. Four shots were identified on the dicta tape. Three shots came from the area of the Depository. The other shot came from somewhere around the Grassy Knoll. However any loud noise, such as a firecracker, could have been mistaken for a gun shot of the dica tape (Erickson, 2004). The autopsy performed on Kennedy has been criticized in many areas. The autopsy was perfomed at Bethesda Hospital but Kennedy was taken to Parkland immediatley after the shooting and this is where he died.

Kennedy’s wife didn’t want an autosy to be performed but it was necessary. Both Kennedy’s wife and brother were in the hopital while the autopsy was being performed and they were continuously asked when it would finish. This placed pressure on the JFK 9 physicians to hurry and finish their work. A good and thorough autopsy would have taken a few days, Kennedy’s autopsy only took a few hours. They were more concerned with preparing the body in case there was an open casket at the funeral (Posner, 1993). There were many details that were overlooked in the autopsy.

The spine was not inspected, the organs weren’t disected, and the clothing wasn’t examined. Kennedy’s head should have been shaved so the doctor’s could properly examine the head wound, but this was not done either. While Kennedy was at Parkland the doctors didn’t turn him over so they didn’t even notice the hole in his back that was proportional to the one in this throat. Dr. Jenkins was a doctor who worked on Kennedy when he was brought to Parkland. He claims that they were “trying to save the president, and no one had time to examine the wounds” (Posner, 1993 p. 09). The Warren Commission was formed to investigate the assassination of JFK. It has been questioned for its methods and some people believe that the Commission didn’t do a very thorough job. When replicating the scene of the assassination, the Commission used incorrect heights to test the shooting from the Depository. The Commission also only shot at a stationary object which wasn’t accurate because Kennedy’s car was moving. All of the people on the Commission had full time jobs outside of the Commission that they also had to devote their time too.

Therefore they weren’t completely focused on investigating the assassination. Only three people on the Commission heard more than half of the testimonies. The Commission concluded that “there was no evidence found that either Lee Harvey Oswald or Jack Ruby was part of any conspiracy, domestic or foreign, to assassinate President Kennedy” (Posner, 1993 p. 411). When JFK 10 later questioned about the conclusion, former staff lawyer Burt Griffin, said “There is no question Oswald was the shooter, and Oswald was the lone shooter.

We were wrong, in my opinion, in issuing the statement that there was no evidence of conspiracy” (Posner, 1993 p. 411). It seemed as though the Commission didn’t want to put the time and effort into investigating the murder because they wanted to get back to their routine lives. At the time there were debates whether or not the first or second shot missed Kennedy. There were witnesses that testified to both accounts but the Commission refused to make a decision concerning the different testimonies. Another thing that the Warren Commission failed to investigate was the fact that the first bullet was never found (Posner, 1993).

In my opinion I believe that there were more people involved in the assassination of President Kennedy. They may have been another shooter but I think that it was very possible that Oswald was the only shooter. I also think that some of the other people involved in the shooting were closely connected to Kennedy, maybe some CIA agents or FBI. I believe that the Warren Commission didn’t put much investigation into the assassination because they were turning their heads the other way. The people on the Commission knew that if they dug too deep into the investigation some high authority figures may have been involved.

Since the Commission held the power to investigate only what they wanted, no further evidence could be found that may have provided another lead in the case. There were a lot more details that should have been investigated and I believe that the investigations performed at the time were not nearly sufficient as they should have been. JFK 11 Kennedy had many accomplishments for the short time that he was in office. Through an unfortunate event he was murdered. It was a devastating day for the United States of America, but it is even more devastating the failure of effort that was put into the investigation of his death.

It would have been amazing to see the goals he would have accomplished if he served a full term in office. JFK 12 Works Cited IMDb. com, Inc. , (2008). Biography for Lee Harvey Oswald. Retrieved November 14, 2008, from IMDb. com Web site: http://www. imdb. com/name/nm0652640/bio National Archives and Records Administration, (2008). John f. kennedy, the 35th president of the united states. Retrieved November 16, 2008, from John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum Web site: http://www. jfklibrary. org/Historical+Resources/Biographies+and+Profiles/Biographies/John+F. Kennedy+The+35th+President+of+the+United+States. htm Oglesby, Carl (1992). Who killed JFK. Odonian Press, Retrieved November 16, 2008, from http://www. thirdworldtraveler. com/CIA/Who_Killed_JFK. html Posner, Gerald (1993). Case closed. New York City, NY: Random House, Inc.. Salisbury, Harrison, E. (1964). Repoort of the warren commision on the assassination of president kennedy. New York City, NY: The New York Times Comapny. Schuster , Ralph (2006, March, 4). Umbrella man, the. The John F. Kennedy Asassination Homepage, Retrieved November 16, 2008, from http://www. jfk-assassination. e/articles/umbrella. php JFK 13 Archive Erickson, R. (Director). (2004). Unsolved history JFK: Beyond the magic bullet [Motion Picture]. IMDb. com, Inc. , (2008). Biography for Lee Harvey Oswald. Retrieved November 14, 2008, from IMDb. com Web site: http://www. imdb. com/name/nm0652640/bio McAdams, John (2008). Retrieved November 16, 2008, from The Kennedy Assassination Web site: http://mcadams. posc. mu. edu/home. htm Moldea, Dan, E. (1995). The Killing of Robert F. Kennedy. New York City, NY: W. W. Norton & Company, Inc.. National Archives and Records Administration, (2008). John f. ennedy, the 35th president of the united states. Retrieved November 16, 2008, from John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum Web site: http://www. jfklibrary. org/Historical+Resources/Biographies+and+Profiles/Biographies/John+F. +Kennedy+The+35th+President+of+the+United+States. htm Oglesby, Carl (1992). Who killed JFK. Odonian Press, Retrieved November 16, 2008, from http://www. thirdworldtraveler. com/CIA/Who_Killed_JFK. html Posner, Gerald (1993). Case closed. New York City, NY: Random House, Inc.. Salisbury, Harrison, E. (1964). Repoort of the warren commision on the assassination of president kennedy.

New York City, NY: The New York Times Comapny. Schuster , Ralph (2006, March, 4). The assassination: An overview. Retrieved November 16, 2008, from The John F. Kennedy Assassination Homepage Web site: http://www. jfk-assassination. de/articles/index. php JFK 14 Schuster , Ralph (2006, March, 4). Umbrella man, the. The John F. Kennedy Asassination Homepage, Retrieved November 16, 2008, from http://www. jfk-assassination. de/articles/umbrella. php Who killed JFK. Odonian Press, 5, Retrieved Novemver 13, 2008, from http://www. thirdworldtraveler. com/CIA/Who_Killed_JFK. html