Day: August 10, 2017

A Short Paper on Culture of Pakistan

A Short Paper on Culture of Pakistan

CULTURE OF PAKISTAN 1. CULTURE – (DEFINITION, SOURCES, TRAITS) CULTURE CAN BE DEFINED AS ALL THE WAYS OF LIFE INCLUDING ARTS, BELIEFS AND INSTITUTIONS OF A POPULATION THAT ARE PASSED DOWN FROM GENERATION TO GENERATION. CULTURE HAS BEEN CALLED “THE WAY OF LIFE FOR AN ENTIRE SOCIETY. AS SUCH, IT INCLUDES CODES OF MANNERS, DRESS, LANGUAGE, RELIGION, RITUALS, NORMS OF BEHAVIOR SUCH AS LAW AND MORALITY AND SYSTEMS OF BELIEF AS WELL AS THE ART.

Culture is the sum total of the customs, traditions, believes, rituals, mythology, economic and political realities and all such other factors which affect the lives of a people in a particular area and determine their social behavior. Culture of a people is a dynamic entity, it absorbs socio-political influences but, takes a long time before the changes are noticeable on a community. As an example the effects of the Mughal era, and the effects of the British may be studied.

Specific changes in these periods were noticeable in language, dress, customs, music and drama well after the establishment of these rules. It is a unique phenomenon that the influences in this subcontinent influenced the upper and the middle classes and the Urban elites. The culture of the rural communities seems to have retained its style for millenniums. The beginning of culture is considered to be from the times when the humans acquired the capability of gathering food in such quantity which was more than the consumption of one individual and could be shared. This sharing became the basis of relationship.

When human capabilities grew further then communities developed and the basis of “civilization” was formed. Communities evolved and learned to share available resources with each other and live in peace. The civilization evolved from the basis of culture and peaceful co-existence. Sharing of resources and products became the core factors. The notable traits of the culture of this land have been consistent from the times of Indus Valley civilization, covering a span of 10000 years. In my opinion more noticeable traits have been modesty, hospitality and peaceful co-existence.

These three traits have been evident in the Indus Valley civilization until now. The forms of creative expressions that continued are sculpture, engraving, music and some other manifestations. The geographical limits of the Indus Valley Civilization are 95% in Pakistan. 2. CULTURE OF PAKISTAN Culture of Pakistan comprises numerous diverse cultures and ethnic groups from the Punjabis, Kashmiris and Sindhis in the east to the tribal cultures of the Baloch and Pashtun in the west and the ancient Dardic and Tajik communities in the north.

These regional cultures have been greatly influenced by many of the surrounding countries’ cultures, such as those of Turkish, Persian, Afghan, and Indians of South Asia, Central Asia and the Middle East. 3. Cultural Diversity as evolved through regional influences IN THE MICRO SENSE THERE IS A VERY LARGE VARIETY OF CULTURAL DIVERSITY IN PAKISTAN. PRIMARILY IT VARIES WITH LANGUAGE AND ALSO WITH ITS DIALECTS.

IF WE CONSIDER THE DIALECT AS THE BASIC MEASUREMENT TOOL THEN THE NOTABLE MAJOR DIVISIONS WOULD BE MEKRAN, JALAWAN, BRAHVI, BALOCHI, PASHTO, SARAIKI, PUNJABI DIALECTS, POHTWARI, PASHTO VARIETIES, BALTI, GILGITI, HAZARA, CENTRAL, EASTERN AND WESTERN SINDHI AND URDU. The expressions in mannerism as well as dresses, vocal expressions, customs, dance, music, drama, mythology and sensitivity in visual arts all provide diversity. A notable diversity is provided by Kashmiris, Afghanis, Parsis, Hindus and Siks.